Carol Brooks MacNeil (1871 - 1944) was born in Chicago, Illinois.  She studied at the Art Institute of Chicago under Lorado Taft and and was one of the White Rabbits who helped him on his sculptures for the Chicago Worlds Colombian Exposition of 1893.  She went to Paris to study art along with MacMonnies who was also there at the same time.  In 1895 she married Hermon Atkins MacNeil the famous Indian sculptor and went to Rome with him for the three years that he received his Rinehart Scholarships.  While there she made several decorative objects such as ashtrays, tea kettles, vases, inkstands, and a chafing dish supported by three nudes as its stand. The MacNeils moved to Paris in 1899 and Carol exhibited at the Salon and won an honorable mention at the International Exposition of 1900. Returning to the United States Carol MacNeil Exhibited at the St. Louis Exposition wining a Bronze Medal for a fountain.  She is best known for her portraits of small children, capturing their gestures, moods, and  innocence.  The responsibility and time required of her in raising her two sons greatly reduced the amount of time that she had to devote to sculpture and she produced very little work after her children's birth.

The life of Carol B. MacNeil is documented in the following books:

American Sculpture by The Metropolitan Museum of Art (1965)
Dictionary of American Sculptors by Glenn Opitz
American Women Sculptors by Charlotte Rubinstein (1990)
Masters of American Sculpture by Donald M. Reynolds

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